Puerta de Alcalá is one of the most representative monuments of Madrid city. It is in the beginning of Calle Alcalá (Alcalá Street), in Plaza de la Independencia (independance Square). It has a neoclassical style, similar to the Roman Triumphs Arches and belongs to one of the five royal doors that gave access to Madrid, therefore, Carlos III built the door as a commemorative symbol of his entry into Madrid. Previously there was another Puerta de Alcalá, but Carlos III ordered its demolition and reconstruction.
It was built to replace a door of the sixteenth century, although it was designed by Angel Fernandez de los Rios in 1778. Today it is considered Historic Artistic Monument.
Puerta de Alcalá was inaugurated in 1778 by Francisco Sabatini, an Italian architect who worked most of his life in Spain.
The name of “Puerta de Alcalá”, like the street of the same name, was given because of being located on the road to Alcalaá de Henares, a town located at its northeastern.
Because its location, in the northwest corner of Parque del Buen Retiro (el Retiro Park), it is a great opportunity to start a walk among the green lung of the city, where we can find the Crystal Palace.
Certainly the Puerta de Alcalá in Madrid is, and will remain, one of the most important icons of the city.
Alcalá Street, Independence Square.
Metro stop: Retiro