parallax background
Plaza Mayor de Madrid
Madrid Major Square
24 May 2016
Palacio de Cristal
Crystal Palace in El Retiro
25 May 2016

Puerta de Alcalá in Madrid


Puerta de Alcalá is one of the most representative monuments of Madrid city. It is in the beginning of Calle Alcalá (Alcalá Street), in Plaza de la Independencia (independance Square). It has a neoclassical style, similar to the Roman Triumphs Arches and belongs to one of the five royal doors that gave access to Madrid, therefore, Carlos III built the door as a commemorative symbol of his entry into Madrid. Previously there was another Puerta de Alcalá, but Carlos III ordered its demolition and reconstruction.

A little background about Puerta de Alcalá

It was built to replace a door of the sixteenth century, although it was designed by Angel Fernandez de los Rios in 1778. Today it is considered Historic Artistic Monument.

Puerta de Alcalá was inaugurated in 1778 by Francisco Sabatini, an Italian architect who worked most of his life in Spain.

The name of “Puerta de Alcalá”, like the street of the same name, was given because of being located on the road to Alcalaá de Henares, a town located at its northeastern.

Some fun facts

  • In 1823 it was hit by several bullets during the Hundred Thousand Sons of Saint Louis (army sent by France). They can still be seen on the facade.
  • In 1931, due to the increase in traffic, it undergoes the degradation of its stones because of the gases.
  • The singers Victor Manuel and Ana Belén dedicated a song in 1986.
  • It has been restored five times.
  • The term “gate” has come through being, in its origins, one of the five gates that gave access to Madrid old city. In 1889 it became a square.
  • The decorations are different depending on the side from which (internal or external) is observed. The outside, facing east, is where travelers had access to reach the city; the inside, however, look to the west and was observed as they left the city.
  • In 2010 the Europe Music Awards concerts on MTV were held at its feet.

Because its location, in the northwest corner of Parque del Buen Retiro (el Retiro Park), it is a great opportunity to start a walk among the green lung of the city, where we can find the Crystal Palace.

Certainly the Puerta de Alcalá in Madrid is, and will remain, one of the most important icons of the city.

Location and directions

Alcalá Street, Independence Square.

Metro stop: Retiro

How to get to Puerta de Alcalá from our HOMTELS in Atocha 107

How to get to Puerta de Alcalá from our HOMTELS in Plaza de Oriente

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Woo Travelling Homtels
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